How to Scan, Analyze and Fix Security Vulnerabilities using NPM AUDIT & Retire.js. (2023)


npm audit is a new feature, introduced with npm@6
Update npm version: npm i -g npm@latest

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Hi, all in this video we'll learn how to scan and fix the security issues in our project.


This is a sample reactjs project.

So, not only reactjs project if it is angular view or any of the projects which has package JSON file and all the dependencies are declared like this.

It's good to do the security scan test on this.


We need to scan all these third party dependencies.

Why, to scan the dependencies, dev dependencies.


Tendencies means these are third party dependencies where this code is open source and with the help of this code, hackers may enter into the application and they can do a huge loss for us.


These are the reasons we need to do a security scan before going to the production environment, because this causes a loss for us to the business and the production environment as well.


We need to do a security scan for all these third party dependencies and we need to find what all the issues are.


Uh, security issues are there in this third party dependencies.

So thereafter, we'll show you how to fix them.


Before going to that, I mean whenever we have NPM.

Package dot JSON file, we'll be doing that NPM install.

I've taken this from the git repo.

This project.

So now to run to work on this project.

I need to do NPM, install.


Let me do that., NPM, NPM, install and nbmi.

Both are the same.


Once you do NPM I, it installs all the dependencies and finally, it will automatically run NPM audit, as well.

NPM audit will run and it will give the report.

So to have NPM audit.

We need to have NPM version 6, because NPM audit is available from 6 dot.

X version.

So from this version, 6 dot, X version.

Only NPM audit is available.


If you have lower versions, then please update your NPM version to the latest.


This is the command for that.

So I'm, providing you NPM, install NPM at the rate latest hyphen GG stands for the globally.

We are trying to install NPM globally so that you will be getting the latest version of six so that you can use NPM, audit.

So, fine, so., Have, taken a new project.

NPM I am installing all the dependencies once it installs all.

The dependencies.

It will provide us NPM audit under the hood.

What happens.

NPM will be installing all the dependencies 1 by 1 and it will check in the NPM registry whether this dependency has any security threats or not.


There are any security threats.

It will provide us the NPM audit as well.

So let me show you: that.

I will directly run the NPM audit.


If you run NPM audit, it will show list of options.

Like this.

I mean now we got NPM audit.

So these are the four.

If you can observe here.

There are four security threats: 2 or low, two or high.


There will be 4 security, levels, I mean severity levels high and critical.


Security issues should be fixed as soon as possible, but that's coming to the low and moderate can be fixed when in the next releases, or we can take some time- to.

Fix them.

So there would be 4 security, threats.

So, as we got too high issues.

We need to address it as soon as possible.

So now check.

We have 4 security issues from 4.

Three of them require a semantic versioning major dependency, update.

So, what it? What does it? Mean? So? Let's check, that.

So and the another one one is.

It is saying that it needs a manual review.

So, let's.

Check, both of them.


If you go to the top.

So, the issues would be in this.


This is one of the issue, as we have four issues.

Two are high and two are low.

The high issues.

Here it will provide the security, I mean severity level and the cause of the issue.

Remote code, execution.

Where, this security I mean where this issue is present, means in this package.

Serialize JavaScript.

In this package we got an issue.

Security threat is there, but this.

Package was not directly installed by us.

We have installed React Scripts from this React Scripts.

This package was came.

You can find the path here.

We have, in short, only react.

Kids React scripts is dependent upon this webpack plugin, and this webpack plugin is dependent upon this JavaScript.


This is the reason we got this issue, and this is saying the dependency on this.


Like this, you can understand.

And the project.

So this is how we are going to scan.

So the first step of scanning.

The project was done.


You need to analyze what all the issues and what all the fixes.


If you go to the top it will, it is showing NPM audit security report, and you can see here run this command.

It is, it is.

It will provide.

NPM will provide us maximum help to resolve all the security.


It is asking us to install React Scripts to 4.0 dot version so that three security threats would be resolved.

It is giving an hint for us, but it is saying that there would be a potential potentially there., Breaking changes.

Why this is a warning us this because.

Here in the React scripts, we have 3.4 dot, 1 version.


This version we have issue.

It is asking us to move to 4.0 dot, 1 version.

Here, we know summer in the semantic versioning.

First would be the major release.

Second, one is minor, release.


Third, one is a patch as from three major version we are shifting to the four major version.

It is warning us whether it would be an breaking changes.


We need to check like so don't install or multiple security.


Don't try to resolve multiple security issues at a time, because all these security issues may resolve some breaking issues where your project may not work where your application may not work as earlier.

So resolve each each security issue at a time, so that and test your application once again.

Whether there are any breaking changes or not.

In that way it is uh.

It is very good to track all the system, all the application flow as well.


There is more information on tab.

Also, let me show it control.

Click, so it will open.

It will open in the browser.


There are some more information and some advisers as well how to resolve this.


He will give certain description why this is an attack, and here he will give a solution to upgrade to three dot 1.0 or later.


These are the hints like you need to understand whether this is a really an issue for you or it.

It occurs only to particular operating system or in particular domain.

Like that.

So, here the.

The solution is, we need to upgrade to three dot.



You can see the versions tab.


It is showing what all? What are all the affected? Versions.

So, all these versions.

If anyone are using all the any of these versions, this security threat would be there for them.


These are the unaffected versions.


We need to use one of these version.

According to our project dependency, such that our project should not break.

So try using unaffected versions.

So, let's go back, here.


This is how you need to analyze your security issues.


You can also do NPM.

Audit fix, where NPM will help us to fix any of the automatically fixed issues.


There are any small issues.

It would be fixed, automatically.


We need to do NPM audit fix for that.


Never do a NPM audit fix force like let me show you.


This is a warning he's throwing NPM audit fix, hyphen F force.


If you do this, it will try to forcefully install all the dependencies.

Even though those are major major dependencies as well, it will install.


The breaking changes may occur and your application may not work as earlier.

So don't do.

Npm fix hyphen force.


So try to do the suggestion.

What he has given.


This is a suggestion.

It was given in PM is asking to install us react scripts to the latest version.


Let's do that in PM install.

React scripts to the latest version.

Happiness, so., To, install this, I means high stands here for the install and have an S means I'm.

Installing this dependency under dependencies.

Hyphen, D, capital, D means dev, dependencies.

We are asking to install in the dev dependencies.

Here hyphen capital S means we are asking to.

React scripts to installing the dependencies.


Now we we could able to install React Scripts latest.


You can check all the three issues would be gone.


We have four issues as we are updating to the.

Major updates.

Three issues should be gone in three issues.

Two are the high issues.


Now we would be having only one lower issue.


This is how we need to fix.


Most of the cases, all the security issues will have two fixes.

So in the way we need to fix or two things number one would be.

Updating the upgrading the version and the number 2 is finding a best alternative and moving to that.


You can't fix, or if there is no fix in that part, for that particular package.

Then it's better to find an alternative or you can raise an pull request in the GitHub.

For, the particular package as well.

We have that option as well.


Let me show you this once it is done.


Meanwhile, I will show you how to manually.

So I.

This is a manual review, so it is asking us to manually review this dependency because it is unable to take any decision on this security.


It is not able to give an advice on this.


For that you need to you have few options, so it is showing an issuing node fetch.


Let me show you once it is fixed.


Now it was fixed.


We have only found one lower severity, issue.


Let's get that report.

To get the report.

You need to run NPM audit.


You will be getting 1 lower, issue.


We got one.


It will clearly mention like this manual.


It means it is not able to take an action to resolve this dependency.


Now we need to take an action on this.


As I said, in.

They should severity is low.

This is because of DDoS attack.

This security threat is present in node fetch.


These are the possible updates.


It is saying the patch is available in the below updates.

So, from where this issue is coming means it is coming from the React Google Maps.


This is a path.

This is the main path react Google Maps, where this map is depend.


These are the dependency libraries for this map.

So, it is exist in the node fetch.

Issue is exist in the node fetch.


Try to open this command.


It will give more information on the particular security.


We can read this so few of the issues.


This is a fix.

It is saying so you can fix means you can upgrade to the next level or the second option is if you are not able to find any of the fix for this, you need to find the best alternative.

So for that you can go to the same website and you can find alternatives for that.

For example.

If there is some issue in the QR code package, which you are using.

So, you can go to the number of QR code packages with the quality.


You can filter here the quality, popularity and maintenance.


We need to go to the quality.

I mean I'm, sorting by quality, so the most popular quality, I mean there won't be any security, less security, issues.

So those comes to the top.


You need to find the best alternative for that and you can use that library in place of a security threat, library.


In that way, you need to manually review each and everything.

In some cases you need to upgrade the immediate library like.

If, if there is no solution to update to the node fetch, there is an option to update isomorphic fetch package such that this issue may fix automatically.

If not.

You can also update FBJS, as well.

So here in this website has been provided these options.


If there is a package and the dependent package package with the vulnerabilities, so you you can update the dependent package.


So he's asking to update this to fix this manual review security issues as well.

So, the one more option we have so this is regarding NPM audit how to scan how to fix.

So one more.

We have is retry.

Like, NPM, install, I'm, trying to install globally retire.


This is another package, so it scans for the more security issues than what NPM does.

So just run.

Read uh, retire in the project, which you are there.


It will give a number of issues same as NPM audit with the high severity and issue number and why the issue was happened so also he will be providing.


Fix as well in the GitHub link, will be providing the GitHub link.


Let's check this.

There is an issue with the.

JQuery 3.2 dot.

One so he's asking us to migrate.


The fix is available in three dot 5.0 it seems.

So we are using 3.2 dot.

One here.

So he's asking us to migrate from 3.2 dot, one to three dot: 5.0.

Where, the security? Issue has an fix.

In 3.2 dot one.

He is mentioning that there is an chance of cross.

Site cross site.

Scripting here is mentioned.

There is a chance of cross site, scripting.

So! That's the reason he's asking us to upgrade.


You can also install a reader to check for more security.


It is also same as what we have done for NPM audit.

Also security issues means not fixing once.

You need to keep this NPM audit in your continuous integration and deployment lifecycle as well.


You know, day by day the security issues would be coming and the patches would be coming at the same.


We need to update our packages to make sure that.

We don't expose our code to the security threats and we are up to date with all the packages security packages.

So that's the way we'll be safe.


This is all about the how to scan and how to fix, how to analyze the security issues.

So thanks for watching.

Please, subscribe for more videos.


How do I fix vulnerabilities in npm audit? ›

To remediate vulnerabilities within packages manually, use the npm install command to upgrade each package. This is the most common approach, since you can define the package and specific version to which to upgrade. Syncfusion JavaScript controls allow you to build powerful line-of-business applications.

Which command scans and fixes known security vulnerabilities in npm? ›

Description. The audit command submits a description of the dependencies configured in your project to your default registry and asks for a report of known vulnerabilities. If any vulnerabilities are found, then the impact and appropriate remediation will be calculated.

What does the npm audit fix do? ›

What is npm audit fix??? npm audit is a new feature, introduced with npm@6. It shows all vulnerabilities your dependencies got (excluding peerDependencies). You can disable the warning for single package installations with the '--no-audit' flag.

What does npm audit scan? ›

NPM audit is a built-in tool within the Node Package Manager (NPM) that scans your project for security vulnerabilities and provides assessment reports of known vulnerabilities and advice on possible fixes.

How to solve npm problems? ›

Let's see them all.
  1. Manually install the required peer dependencies. If npm fails because it cannot resolve the version <version> of the peer dependency <package> , simply install it with: npm install <package>@<version> ...
  2. Upgrade the conflicting packages. ...
  3. Use the — legacy-peer-deps flag. ...
  4. Use Yarn instead of npm. ...
  5. Clean up npm.
Mar 21, 2023

How do I check software vulnerabilities? ›

Vulnerability Scanning Tools
  1. Nikto2. Nikto2 is an open-source vulnerability scanning software that focuses on web application security. ...
  2. Netsparker. Netsparker is another web application vulnerability tool with an automation feature available to find vulnerabilities. ...
  3. OpenVAS. ...
  4. W3AF. ...
  5. Arachni. ...
  6. Acunetix. ...
  7. Nmap. ...
  8. OpenSCAP.
Mar 23, 2020

How to clear npm cache? ›

How to clear cache? To clear a cache in npm, we need to run the npm cache clean --force command in our terminal. To clear the cache present in npm, you need to run the command. If it doesn't work, run the force clean method since the cache is not cleared simply.

How do I test npm? ›

Use npm pack to test your packages locally
  1. First: Build your Package. Before you can use npm pack you must first build your package. ...
  2. Second: Locate your Build Artifacts package. json. ...
  3. Third: Pack your artifacts. ...
  4. Fourth: Point package.
Feb 18, 2022

How to generate npm audit report? ›

To pipe the report to a file, use the > (pipe) sign along with the path and filename you wish to generate: npm audit --json > report. json. You can also use a package called npm-audit-html to generate the same report in an HTML format (npm audit --json | npm-audit-html --output report.

How to disable npm audit? ›

You can skip auditing at all by adding the --no-audit flag.

How do you resolve an audit? ›

The most effective way to resolve an audit finding is by implementing a Corrective Action Plan (CAP) which address the underlying risk(s) associated with the audit finding. If you choose not to implement a CAP however, there are two options to close the audit finding.

What is the difference between npm audit and npm audit fix? ›

The npm audit command will exit with a 0 exit code if no vulnerabilities were found. The npm audit fix command will exit with 0 exit code if no vulnerabilities are found or if the remediation is able to successfully fix all vulnerabilities.

How to avoid npm error? ›

Follow this steps:
  1. npm cache clean --force.
  2. delete node_modules folder.
  3. npm install.

What is audit command used for? ›

The audit command controls system auditing through several keywords. You must include one keyword each time you enter the command. The start keyword and the shutdown keyword start and stop the auditing system and reset the system configuration.

When should I run npm audit fix? ›

In the case where security vulnerabilities are found and there are updates available, it is either:
  1. You run the npm audit fix subcommand to automatically install compatible updates to vulnerable dependencies. or.
  2. You run the recommended commands individually to install updates to vulnerable dependencies.
Aug 19, 2022

Does npm scan for malware? ›

How npm Security handles malware. Malware is a major concern for npm Security and we have removed hundreds of malicious packages from the registry. For every malware report we receive, npm Security takes the following actions: Confirm validity of the report.

What database does npm audit use? ›

npm audit still uses the npm database.

How to use npm command? ›

Configuring the Step
  1. Add the Run npm command Step to your Workflow preceding any build Step.
  2. Set the Working directory.
  3. Set the command you want npm to execute, for example install to run npm install in the The npm command with arguments to run input.

How to fix npm unmet dependency? ›

Your answer
  1. Manually need to install the top-level modules, containing unmet dependencies: npm install findup-sync@0.1.2.
  2. Re-structure your package. json. Place all the high-level modules (serves as a dependency for others modules) at the bottom.
  3. Re-run the npm install command.
Jul 12, 2020

How to improve npm performance? ›

Here's how it is done:
  1. Monitor and Profile Your Application.
  2. Load Balancing.
  3. Optimizing Data Handling Methods.
  4. Reduce Latency Through Caching.
  5. SSL/TLS and HTTP/2.
  6. Use Timeouts.
  7. Secure Client-side Authentication.
  8. Using WebSockets to Communicate with the Server.
Jun 20, 2022

Which is the best vulnerability scanner? ›

Top Vulnerability Scanners
  • Invicti: Best Website and Application Vulnerability Scanning Tool.
  • Nmap: Best Open Source Specialty Port Scanner.
  • OpenVAS: Best Open Source IT Infrastructure Vulnerability Scanner.
  • RapidFire VulScan: Best MSP / MSSP Option.
  • StackHawk: Best SMB DevOps App Scanner.
Mar 8, 2023

How do I scan API for vulnerabilities? ›

  1. Step 1: Build a Simple REST API. The first step is to build a simple REST API that you can scan. ...
  2. Create API Definition Files. OpenAPI 3.0 Specification. ...
  3. Scan Your API. In this example, our API is defined here: ...
  4. Identify Vulnerabilities in Your API. ...
  5. Resolve the Vulnerabilities. ...
  6. Rescan to Confirm Resolution.
Sep 3, 2020

What are the four steps to vulnerability analysis? ›

Vulnerability assessment: Security scanning process. The security scanning process consists of four steps: testing, analysis, assessment and remediation.

Should I clean or clear npm cache? ›

clean: Delete all data out of the cache folder. Note that this is typically unnecessary, as npm's cache is self-healing and resistant to data corruption issues. verify: Verify the contents of the cache folder, garbage collecting any unneeded data, and verifying the integrity of the cache index and all cached data.

What does npm run clean do? ›

The npm clean-install command (or npm ci for short) is an in-place replacement for npm install with two major differences: It does a clean install: if the node_modules folder exists, npm deletes it and installs a fresh one. It checks for consistency: if package-lock.

What is the npm cache verify command? ›

What Is Npm Cache Verify? npm cache verify is a command that verifies the integrity of all installed packages in the NPM cache. It verifies the contents of the cache folder, garbage collecting any unneeded data, and verifies the integrity of the cache index and all cached data.

How to use npm in js? ›

To create a package. json file, run npm init in the root folder of your project. After running this command, it asks you for some data about your project, you can choose to answer them or just press enter to set the data values to default. You can also execute the command npm init -y to create the package.

What is the difference between npm test and npm run test? ›

TL;DR there is no difference. It's just a shortcut for npm tests which run the test command in the package. json file. npm run test performs the same action in this case.

What is vulnerability in npm? ›

VulnerabilityVulnerable Version
M Insertion of Sensitive Information into Log File<6.14.6
H Arbitrary File Write<6.13.3
L Unauthorized File Access<6.13.3
H Arbitrary File Overwrite<6.13.4
3 more rows

How do you run an audit report? ›

How to Create an Audit Report
  1. Indicate the exact date, time and location of the audit at the beginning of the report. ...
  2. Explain what steps the auditors used throughout the process. ...
  3. Provide all evidence and data recorded during the audit process. ...
  4. Write down all conclusions drawn directly from the data.

How do I download audit logs? ›

The first step is to search the audit log and then export the results in a comma-separated value (CSV) file to your local computer.
  1. Run an audit log search and revise the search criteria if necessary until you have the desired results.
  2. On the search results page, select Export.
Mar 16, 2023

How to make npm stop? ›

To stop npm from running in the terminal, you can typically use the CTRL + C keyboard shortcut. This will interrupt any currently running npm scripts or commands. This will stop npm from running in the terminal.

How do you fix transitive dependency vulnerabilities? ›

To resolve a vulnerability in a transitive dependency Snyk will calculate the dependency tree for your project and determine the minimum upgrade to the direct dependency which will result in a vulnerability free version of the indirect dependency. Some fixes may require a major upgrade of a dependency.

How to install using npm? ›

To install a package, npm uses the following algorithm:
  1. load the existing node_modules tree from disk.
  2. clone the tree.
  3. fetch the package.json and assorted metadata and add it to the clone.
  4. walk the clone and add any missing dependencies.
  5. dependencies will be added as close to the top as is possible.
Jun 14, 2018

What are the 7 steps in the audit process? ›

  • Preparing for an Audit. Have all requested materials/records ready when requested. ...
  • Step 1: Planning. The auditor will review prior audits in your area and professional literature. ...
  • Step 2: Notification. ...
  • Step 3: Opening Meeting. ...
  • Step 4: Fieldwork. ...
  • Step 5: Report Drafting. ...
  • Step 6: Management Response. ...
  • Step 7: Closing Meeting.

What are the 7 audit procedures? ›

There are seven types of audit procedures, and the purpose of the procedure typically dictates which one is used:
  • Inspection. Auditors collect evidence by inspecting physical assets, records, or documents.
  • Observation. ...
  • External confirmation. ...
  • Recalculation. ...
  • Reperformance. ...
  • Analytical procedures. ...
  • Inquiry.
Sep 22, 2022

What is the exit code for npm audit? ›

Exit Code. The npm audit command will exit with a 0 exit code if no vulnerabilities were found. The npm audit fix command will exit with 0 exit code if no vulnerabilities are found or if the remediation is able to successfully fix all vulnerabilities.

How to update all npm packages? ›

Updating local packages
  1. Navigate to the root directory of your project and ensure it contains a package.json file: cd /path/to/project.
  2. In your project root directory, run the update command: npm update.
  3. To test the update, run the outdated command. There should not be any output. npm outdated.

What is the difference between system audit and security audit? ›

System audit includes operations, network segmentation, server and device management etc, whereas security audit focuses on security of data and information.

How do I manage error handling in node js? ›

Error handling in Node. js
  1. improve the end-user experience; i.e., providing correct information and not the generic message “Unable to fulfill the request”
  2. develop a robust codebase.
  3. recede development time by finding bugs efficiently.
  4. avoid abruptly stopping a program.
Jan 20, 2022

How do I fix error code 1 in npm? ›

One main reason for the npm err code 1 is that a dependency in the installed module is not compatible with the current node. js version. In this case, updating dependencies is a good solution. You can do that by running the command “npm update <packagename>”.

How would you prevent errors in your Nodejs applications? ›

Node. js Error Handling Best Practices: Ship With Confidence
  1. Error object.
  2. Try… catch.
  3. Throw.
  4. Call stack.
  5. Effective function naming.
  6. Asynchronous paradigms like promise.

How do I enable audit command? ›

The audit enable command enables an audit device at a given path. If an audit device already exists at the given path, an error is returned. Additional options for configuring the audit device are provided as KEY=VALUE . Each audit device declares its own set of configuration options.

How do you audit all commands run in the system? ›

To configure the auditd for logging all user commands please follow the below action plan.
  1. Use yum to install the audit package: # yum install audit.
  2. To start automatically the auditd service at boot time: # chkconfig auditd on.
  3. add the following lines to /etc/audit/audit. rules. ...
  4. Start the service:

How does auditd work? ›

auditd is akin to a black box in an airplane; it allows a system administrator to log different system events such as executed commands, system calls, file access information, and network statistics.

How do you fix vulnerabilities issues? ›

You can fix a vulnerability by installing an operating system update, changing the application configuration, or installing an application patch.

How do you overcome vulnerabilities? ›

Follow these tips to help you overcome a fear of vulnerability:
  1. Challenge yourself. ...
  2. Chat with a therapist. ...
  3. Keep a journal. ...
  4. Lead with love and generosity. ...
  5. Try out something new. ...
  6. Write down what you love about yourself.
Jul 19, 2022

Why does npm have so many vulnerabilities? ›

If you are following an old video, you are likely installing old packages. Therefore it's pretty common to have vulnerabilities. If you want the warnings to disappear, you can try to remove @version in your packages inside package. json and then run npm i again.

What are the 4 main types of vulnerabilities? ›

The four main types of vulnerabilities in information security are network vulnerabilities, operating system vulnerabilities, process (or procedural) vulnerabilities, and human vulnerabilities.

What are 3 example of vulnerabilities? ›

Any susceptibility to humidity, dust, soiling, natural disaster, poor encryption, or firmware vulnerability.

What is the most common option used to fix vulnerabilities? ›

Rip and replace

This is the most common approach taken. Essentially, you are going to fix the problem by “amputating” the vulnerable component and replacing it with a component that fixes the vulnerability (either directly or by using a different open source project).

How long does it take to fix a vulnerability? ›

According to Infosec Institute, the average number of days to patch a vulnerability is between 60 to 150 days.

What is vulnerability solution? ›

Once vulnerabilities are identified, the solution can then categorize them according to type and severity, provide a weighted assessment of threat levels across all devices, and recommend a course of action to remediate or patch each issue. Missing patches can then be automatically downloaded and rolled out.

What are signs of vulnerability? ›

Sometimes, vulnerability can manifest itself in your body's physical reactions. You may feel your muscles tense or that pit drop in your stomach. You may feel your breathe quicken when you openly share your thoughts, emotions, and needs. You may feel your nervous system freeze, you may feel like you're unable to speak.

Can vulnerability be prevented? ›

Acting promptly on software patches and updates also helps reduce vulnerabilities that cyber attackers wait to prey upon. Vulnerability assessment, scanning, penetration testing and patch management are important steps for controlling vulnerabilities. They should be conducting regularly, if not continuously.

Is npm a security risk? ›

Security vulnerabilities found in npm packages can impact your application in a way that exposes you to considerable risk. If you're using an unpatched version of the websocket-extensions npm package, then you are vulnerable to regular expression denial of service attacks.

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